The Dead Sea also called the Salt Sea, is a salt lake bordering Jordan to the east and Israel and the West Bank to the west. The Dead Sea's surface and shores are 1,388 ft (423 metres) below sea level, Earth's lowest elevation on land. It is also one of the world's saltiest bodies of water. The Dead Sea is 1,237 ft (377 m) deep, the deepest hypersaline lake in the world. The Dead Sea is 55 kilometres (34 mi) long and 18 kilometres (11 mi) wide at its widest point. It lies in the Jordan Rift Valley, and its main tributary is the Jordan River. It is known as "the navel of the Earth" and is called the Dead Sea for the first time by an ancient Greek writer.
They call this lake is the sea because of the kind of super-salty lake water. Around the river flows into the Dead Sea is largely desert and lava limestone. The lava floor that contains a lot of minerals. Thus, water flowing into the Dead Sea has a very high salt content. The Dead Sea is 8.6 times saltier than the ocean. The Dead Sea has a high salinity, making the harsh marine environment, thus aquatic plants can not thrive (so called "Dead Sea"). However, there exist very small number of bacterial and fungal microorganisms.
The Dead Sea has attracted visitors from around the Mediterranean basin for thousands of years. Although called "death" but this place is always full of vitality. This is a popular tourist destination and the ideal resort, attracting visitors from all over the world. This is one of the first resorts in the world, people use salt and minerals from the Dead Sea to make cosmetics and pharmaceutical preparations, the worldwide consumption. In addition, the ownership of the Dead Sea dry atmosphere rich in oxygen which does not exist any pollution. Year-round temperature is relatively high, it is interesting to note that the harmful ultraviolet rays are filtered in a natural way. So people can still sunbathe without fear of sunburn. Natural healing waters along the coast combined with the black mud at the bottom will be the health treatment and bring beauty ideal.